Chinese dictionary leaves out popular word for ‘gay’

The Chinese gay community’s most popular word to refer to themselves has been left out of a new Chinese dictionary, sparking criticism

Chinese dictionary leaves out popular word for ‘gay’
22 July 2012

A new edition of a modern Chinese language dictionary has been criticized for leaving out the most popular term used by Chinese gays to refer to themselves.

The compilers of the Contemporary Chinese Dictionary omitted the gay usage among the definitions of the Mandarin word ‘tongzhi,’ literally meaning ‘comrade’, which has been adopted by Chinese homosexuals as a positive way to refer to each other.

Jiang Lansheng, one of the compilers of the Contemporary Chinese Dictionary, told Chinese news media at the launch of the dictionary last Sunday that they did not want to encourage using the word to refer to homosexuals.

‘We know homosexuals call each other “tongzhi” but a normative dictionary won’t include that meaning, no matter how the term has been informally used,’ Langsheng said.

‘We don’t want to advocate or bring attention to such things.’

However the new edition of the Contemporary Chinese Dictionary contains slang and colloquial usages for other Chinese words.

Nan Feng, a HIV health worker based in Chongqing, told Xinhua that authors of dictionary should not be making moral judgements about what definitions to include.

‘It’s unacceptable that the gay meaning of "tongzhi" was excluded from the dictionary, a reference book written for all, simply because of the compilers’ own preferences and values,’ Feng said.

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology social sciences professor Ding Xueliang told BBC News China that the omission was likely for political reasons.

‘The use of “tongzhi” to describe homosexuality started in Hong Kong and Taiwan to make fun of the mainland’s communist terminology because Chinese leaders address each other using “tongzhi” meaning “comrade” – for instance, “Hu Jintao tongzhi” or “Wen Jiabao tongzhi”,’ Xueliang said.

‘It’s quite normal that the Chinese government doesn’t want to take this new meaning into the dictionary.’

However 24 year old student Guo Yan stressed that that the usage of ‘tongzhi’ by the Chinese LGBT community was not disrespectful, telling Xinhua, ‘The term is a smart, indigenous expression to describe same-sex love in China and it is not used in a vulgar and offensive way.’

‘Tongzhi’ is a play on words on the non-colloquial Mandarin word for homosexuality, ‘tongxinglian’, but removes the original word’s sexual connotations.

The previous edition of the Contemporary Chinese Dictionary, published in 2005, described homosexuality as a mental disorder despite homosexuality being removed from the official Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders four years earlier



Gay German couples win child benefits but adoption ban remains
No thumbnail available

First Taiwanese official backing gay marriage does it firmly

Senior disease control official Shih Wen-yi has become one of the most vocal gay rights supporters overnight, after two lesbians tied the knot in a temple earlier this month
No thumbnail available

Starbucks backs gay marriage in US

Global coffee chain Starbucks says it supports gay marriage legislation in the US.
No thumbnail available

Mitt Romney wanted gay man to lead campaign

Republican presidential candidate Romney reportedly wanted Ken Mehlman, the man behind George W. Bush's re-election in 2004
No thumbnail available

Gaby's Deli is a welcome glimpse into how London used to eat

Probably the best falafel you will find in the UK capital
No thumbnail available

South Africa's controversial gay-friendly mosque torched on eve of Muslim festival

Founder of mosque says petrol and oil were used, claims vandals are to blame for the attack
No thumbnail available

Plan to open Yale campus in Singapore hits controversy

Yale faculty concerned about civil rights in Singapore, where homosexuality is illegal
No thumbnail available

Three arrested for Israel gay youth shooting

Israeli police arrested three suspects in connection with a shooting which left two dead and dozens injuried at a Tel-Aviv gay youth center shooting in 2009
No thumbnail available

Australian marriage rights campaign hails ‘tri-partite’ opposition to gay marriage ban referendum

The Australian Labor Party has renewed its commitment to opposing a referendum that seeks to put a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage – despite voting for a motion that would have set up a Senate inquiry for that yesterday
No thumbnail available

Swedish gay teen claims he was told to clean up homophobic graffiti by himself

An openly gay Swedish high school student says his principal told him it was his job to clean up homophobic graffiti that had been put up by bullies that were targeting him