New magazine and hope for gays in Sudan

Rainbow Sudan shines a light on gay and lesbian life in a country where homosexuality is still punishable by death

New magazine and hope for gays in Sudan
30 March 2012

A new online lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender magazine in Sudan, north Africa, is a first for the country where homosexuality is still punished by death and an opportunity for gay people to start discussing their lives and hopes for the future.

Rainbow Sudan published articles discussing topics including being gay in Sudan, the history of homosexuality in the country, Islam and sexuality, being lesbian and Muslim, poetry and more.

Sudan is one of the strictest countries in the world which criminalize homosexuality. Same-sex sexual activity is illegal and, according to Article 148, capital punishment applies to a man or woman engaging in such acts.

Punishments also include lashes and imprisonment.

Even without that, being out can have serious social and economic consequences – it typically means a loss of jobs prospects, ostracisation from family and community, even murder by so called 'honour killings'.

We spoke to Rainbow Sudan editor Mohammad and other Sudanese gays and lesbians about the magazine and their life in Sudan.

Mohammad himself is a 32-year-old man, living in the capital Khartoum. He is energetic, comfortable about his sexuality, full of charm and wit. He also has a scholarly side; he loves poetry, history and sociology.

He told us that ‘to understand the gay community in Sudan you have to understand the religious factor here… it is a big taboo and regarded one of the biggest sins possible.’

Ibrahim, also 32 years old and a well-respected public figure, explained what that taboo means in practice.

‘If you are outed in Sudan the consequences are very serious: social rejection and even punishment according to the Sudanese law,' he said. 'The internet is my only life-line, I can talk with people, learn about LGBT issues and occasionally arrange to meet people. I have to be so careful, I if would be caught, exposed or worse, arrested, it would ruin me completely.’

Mazen is 28 and manages to live his life but has to be careful: ‘There are places to meet in Khartoum [Sudan's capital] which are well known and there are even police and military men who come and I feel they are like an insurance policy.

'Everyone is very discreet and respectful, we don’t want trouble, it’s hard enough as it is to lead a double life.’

But not everyone has things so well ordered. Mohamed, 46 and married for 12 years has three sons.

‘My life is a living hell,' he confessed. 'I can occasionally go out at night for meets but am totally controlled by my extended family.’

Mohamed has a boyfriend from one of the Gulf States but thinks that his sexuality ‘is an illness and a disease.’ He went to therapy to try and cure himself, but it just made him feel worse. He also is scared about his safety ‘because people here in Sudan can get punished for much less – a woman can get lashes simply for wearing trousers!'

Soso, a 35-year-old lesbian hairdresser, said: ‘Despite all the difficulties, a Sudanese LGBT community exists, but society at large is not open to this idea, they see homosexuality as the work of the devil. But I am ok with who I am and know I won’t change.’

Editor Mohammad stresses such voices show how ‘Sudanese society considers homosexuality as “phenomenon” not a reality. It is considered as a sin and psychological behaviour which is sick, and this view is often shared by LGBT people themselves here.

‘We need to discuss what does it mean or us to be gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender in Sudan? We need to debate and discuss Islamic religious judgments and punishment which threatens us. We can aim to educate about these issues and encourage dialogue.

‘We also need to deal with the issue of negative self-esteem, even contempt by many LGBT people here, again through education. Finally education can definitely help safer sex issues which are also a taboo here.’

Isn’t that quite a lot to achieve? ‘Yes!’ he answered with a smile, ‘we can take it one step at a time.’

(Names have been changed to protect our sources' identities.)

HAVE YOUR SAY

MORE TOP STORIES

No thumbnail available

Sue Perkins responds perfectly to those who think a gay woman shouldn't replace Jeremy Clarkson on Top Gear

Lesbian comic, who also presents Bake Off, is now favorite to take over the driving seat
No thumbnail available

Authorities try to shut down Russia's only support group for LGBTI youths because of 'gay propaganda'

Founder Lena Klimova said she would take proceedings to the European Court of Justice should the project be banned
No thumbnail available

Tammy Baldwin becomes first openly gay person sworn into US Senate

Wisconsin Democrat has previously served in House of Representatives
No thumbnail available

Nearly half of openly gay athletes win medals at Olympics

Megan Rapinoe, Judith Arndt, and Carl Hester are among the openly gay Olympians to impress in London 2012
No thumbnail available

LA Pride festival kicks off Friday in West Hollywood, 400,000 expected for Sunday parade

Mayor Abbe Land: 'I want to thank you in advance for all the fun you will have and all the money you will spend'
No thumbnail available
High Court of Australia to test first same-sex marriage law tomorrow

High Court of Australia to test first same-sex marriage law tomorrow

The High Court of Australia has bowed to the Australian Government’s request to have its challenge to the Australian Capital Territory’s same-sex marriage law expedited and will hold a first directions hearing tomorrow at 2.15pm
No thumbnail available

The New Normal will air in Salt Lake City on different station

KUCW-TV will air the comedy each week before Saturday Night Live
No thumbnail available

Thousands march for gay marriage in Tokyo

Pride festival is extended by two days amid surge in interest in LGBTI issues
No thumbnail available

A lesbian perspective on Thailand

Gay Star News interviews the founder of the first LGBT rights group in Thailand