The Homomonument (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
The Netherlands were not just the first country the world to legalize same-sex marriage, they were also first to build a monument to the gays and lesbians killed by the Nazis.
Three small pink triangles – one leading down to the Kaizergracht canal – form a big triangle. It is supposed to ‘inspire and support’ the LGBTI community in its ongoing struggle for equality and against discrimination.
Although declared first in the world to commemorate the Nazis’ LGBTI victims, the Homomonument is dedicated to all gay men and lesbian who have been persecuted because of their sexuality.
Pink Triangle Park (San Francisco, US)
In San Francisco’s Castro District, a triangular mini-park stands in remembrance of the thousands of gay people persecuted in Nazi Germany.
It was the first free-standing memorial of its kind in the US.
Every one of the 15 granite columns stands for 1,000 LGBTI people killed during the Holocaust; in their middle sits a pink-quartz-filled triangle.
Memorial to the Homosexuals Persecuted under the National Socialist Regime (Berlin, Germany)
From the outside, Berlin’s memorial to the Holocaust’s LGBTI looks like an innocuous block of gray concrete. It is located in the Tiergarten, just across the road from the capital’s famous memorial to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
But visitors who look into its opening will find a screen, showing a clip of two men kissing. Occasionally, other videos are shown, including one showing a gay and a lesbian couple.
The Concrete Triangle (Tel Aviv, Israel)
Israel’s first memorial to the Holocaust’s gay and lesbian victims consists of three triangles.
One is made from concrete and carries an explanation of the persecution of homosexual people under Nazi rule. The second is an upside-down triangle painted onto the granite triangle; it represents the triangles the Nazis forced LGBTI people to wear.
The third part consists of three pink benches, also arranged in a triangle, which face the granite monument.
‘According to Nazi ideology, homosexuality was considered harmful to “public health”,’ an inscription reads.
‘The Gestapo had a special unit to fight homosexuals and the “Center for the Fighting of Homosexuality and Abortions” kept a secret file on about 100,000 homosexuals.’
Frankfurter Engel (Frankfurt, Germany)
The Frankfurt Angel was the first memorial to the LGBTI people persecuted under Nazi rule in Germany. It was opened in 1994, the year Germany abolished a staggered age of consent.
As a memorial, the Angel also stands for the gay men who were prosecuted under the anti-gay paragraph 175, which existed for over 20 years after World War II ended.
At its basis, a plague remembers the victims.
‘Homosexual men and women were persecuted and murdered in Nazi Germany. The crimes were denied, the dead concealed, the survivors scorned and prosecuted,’ it reads.
‘We remember this, in the awareness that men who love men and women who love women still face persecution. Frankfurt am Main. December 1994.’
Pink Triangle Sydney (Sydney, Australia)
In the heart of Sydney’s LGBTI population, the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Holocaust Memorial stands in remembrance of the Holocaust’s victims.
It sits in Green Park, in Darlinghurst – adjacent to the Syndey Jewish Museum, in order for it to keep its historical meaning.
Pink Triangle Sitges (Sitges, Spain)
On the fourth pier of the popular Catalan gay resort, Sitges’ four-foot pink triangle stands as a symbol against homophobia.
It commemorates the 1996 demonstrations, which started after police announced they’d keep a record of gay men wandering the beach at night.