A new report out of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reveals HIV positive people who are undetectable have been responsible for no new transmissions in the United States.
The institute published the new report on the first day of CDC’s 2019 National HIV Prevention Conference.
A majority of new transmissions — about 80% — come from people who don’t know they are positive or people who aren’t receiving treatment.
Broken down, 15% of people unaware of their status accounted for 38% of new transmissions. Meanwhile, 23% of people not receiving treatment despite knowing their status are responsible for 43% of new transmissions.
‘Today, we have the tools to end the HIV epidemic,’ said Jonathan Mermin, MD, director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention.
He continued: ‘But a tool is only useful if it’s in someone’s hands. This is why it’s vital to bring testing and treatment to everyone with HIV – and to empower them to take control of their lives and change the course of the epidemic.’
What the US is doing
‘We have an unprecedented opportunity to end the HIV epidemic in America,’ said Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Admiral Brett P. Giroir, MD.
‘We must close these glaring gaps in HIV prevention and care, and we must start now.’
During Donald Trump’s State of the Union address this year, he vowed to end new HIV transmissions in the US by 2030.
Part of his plan includes his proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2020. In it, he allocated $291 million to the Department of Health and Human Services. This money is specifically allocated to end the transmission of HIV.
However, he also proposed cutting over $1 billion to the global fight against HIV.
CDC Director Robert Redfield, MD, outlined the four ‘key strategies’ in ending the HIV epidemic: ‘Diagnose, treat, protect, and respond.’
‘These new Vital Signs data show the tremendous impact we can have by helping all Americans living with HIV know their diagnosis, quickly get into treatment, and remain in care to stay healthy,’ he concluded.